Specific claims are grievances brought by aboriginal peoples in Canada against the Crown, the executive level of government.
The Crown has a fiduciary relationship with aboriginal peoples and has a political duty to use its legal authority in relation to aboriginal peoples to protect their distinctive rights and interests. In particular situations, the Crown's role gives rise to lawful obligations. For example, the Crown must act honourably in implementing treaty rights or in using its Indian Act powers to manage the lands and assets of a band on behalf of that community. Specific claims are grievances that arise from the alleged failure of the Crown to fulfill these obligations in particular cases.
Dr. Schwartz facilitates a website devoted to specific claims. This site contains a collection of case law, tribunal decisions, and links to historic documents. It is designed as a starting point for anyone working on research about specific claims.